Gastritis Symptoms and Treatment

Gastritis pain is due to an inflammation of the stomach. It can also be because of an erosion or irritation of the stomach lining. The stomach issues may be further aggravated by the presence of peptic ulcers. Two types of the disease exist: acute gastritis and chronic gastritis. The first, acute gastritis, is characterized by the erosion of the mucosal lining. Chronic gastritis is the experience of heartburn being felt in the chest region. In many incarnations of the chronic variety, the internal mechanism is that the body’s immune system misidentifies the stomach as a harmful pathogen and sends antibodies to combat the stomach. This can result in severe damage or even destruction of the stomach and its lining. Metaplasia can also occur, causing the gastric mucosa cells to change the structure to imitate intestinal mucosa cells.

Gastritis Causes

Gastritis can be caused by many different factors including vomiting, pronounced stress, or by regular use of anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin or ibuprofen. More serious problems that may cause the condition are Helicobacter pylori infections, bile reflux, pernicious anemia, or other bacterial and viral infections. Acute gastritis can be the result of alcohol consumption as the alcohol can stimulate the production of hydrochloric acid. Also, chronic gastritis can be caused by preexisting medical conditions including HIV or AIDS, Crohn’s disease, kidney or liver failures, or a connective tissue disorder. A patient who has contracted the condition may exhibit the following gastritis symptoms: nausea, abdominal pain or bloating, indigestion, hiccups, black stools, burning sensations in the stomach, loss of appetite, or vomiting of blood or dark material that appears like coffee grounds. If any of these symptoms are present, a patient should contact a local physician to determine the best method of gastritis treatment.

Gastritis Symptoms

Depending on which gastritis symptoms are present, the doctor will perform some tests to determine the underlying problem that is causing the discomfort. These tests may include an upper endoscopy, blood tests, gastroscopy, or a stool test. In the simplest cases, the avoidance of spicy foods or taking antacids may be an effective cure. Stomach complications that have been caused by the specific Helicobacter pylori bacterium will need to be treated with a regimen of antibiotic medications and acid blockers to prevent heartburn. Additionally, proton pump inhibitors may be prescribed to reduce acid production. If pernicious anemia is the source of the issues, the gastritis treatment will be to administer injections of the vitamin B-12. As with any serious medical issue, a patient’s health treatment should not begin without consultation of professional medical personnel.

The pain caused by gastritis can range from slightly irritating to extremely painful. In addition, the symptoms that may be experienced can only add to the pain and discomfort. However, the treatment options available are relatively simple and can be used effectively to treat gastritis pain.

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